In a sample taken of students between the ages of 6 and 9 years, it was shown that students spend more than 2 hours a week on homework, as opposed to 44 minutes in 1981.
Essentially, they advocate for doing potentially unnecessary homework from approximately age five to ten as a way of practicing for doing necessary homework from age 10 to 15.
No research has ever been conducted to determine whether this claim has any merit.
Students who are assigned homework in middle and high school score somewhat better on standardized tests, but the students who have 60 to 90 minutes of homework a day in middle school or more than two hours in high school score worse.
Proponents claim that assigning homework to young children helps them learn good study habits.
Epstein (1988) found a near-zero correlation between the amount of homework and parents' reports on how well their elementary school students behaved.
Vazsonyi & Pickering (2003) studied 809 adolescents in American high schools, and found that, using the Normative Deviance Scale as a model for deviance, the correlation was Bempechat (2004) says that homework develops students' motivation and study skills.The students slept an average of 6 hours 48 minutes, lower than the recommendations prescribed by various health agencies.A study done at the University of Michigan in 2007 concluded that the amount of homework given is increasing.The authors of Sallee & Rigler (2008), both high school English teachers, reported that their homework disrupted their students' extracurricular activities and responsibilities. (2009) found that parents were less likely to report homework as a distraction from their children's activities and responsibilities.Galloway, Conner & Pope (2013) recommended further empirical study relating to this aspect due to the difference between student and parent observations.Homework has been identified in numerous studies and articles as a dominant or significant source of stress and anxiety for students.Cheung & Leung-Ngai (1992) surveyed 1,983 students in Hong Kong, and found that homework led not only to added stress and anxiety, but also physical symptoms, such as headaches and stomachaches.With few students interested in higher education, and due to the necessity to complete daily chores, homework was discouraged not only by parents, but also by school districts.In 1901, the California legislature passed an act that effectively abolished homework for those who attended kindergarten through the eighth grade.Galloway, Conner & Pope (2013) surveyed 4,317 high school students from ten high-performing schools, and found that students reported spending more than 3 hours on homework daily.72% of the students reported stress from homework, and 82% reported physical symptoms.