Thesis 3 Tagalog

Thesis 3 Tagalog-57
Specifically, the formulations in this work follow, to a large extent, the statements of Chomsky in his "A Transformational Approach to Syntax." The primary aims of this work are to formulate the basic rules of Tagalog kernel sentences, and to show some of the most common transformations in the language.Further, this thesis seeks to establish a basis for a more detailed study of the transformational syntax of Tagalog, and expects to provide a point of departure for future contrastive analyses of Tagalog and other languages.A l l t h e k e r n e l s e n t e n c e ^ r u l e s are b r o u g h t t o g e t h e r i n the base r u l e s of Tagalog k e r n e l s e n t e n c e s . I have a l s o found some guidance i n the works of Thomas,^ Goodman,3 and Kout-soudas.^" I have mapped out a grammar t h a t i s supposed t o d e s c r i b e the i d e a l s p e a k e r - h e a r e r ' s i n t r i n s i c competence.5 -^•Third Texas Conference on Problems of L i n g u i s t i c A n a l y s i s ( A u s t i n , Texas, .1962), P ^Owen Thomas, T r a n s f o r m a t i o n a l Grammar and the Teacher of E n g l i s h (New York, 1965).

The analysis concerns the linguistic intuition of the author as a native speaker of Tagalog. 19 K e r n e l 2 R u l e s 63 K e r n e l 3 R u l e s 75 K e r n e l 4 R u l e s 87 Copula K e r n e l Sentence Ru l e s . Geared t o t h i s end, t h i s s t u d y i s o r g a n i z e d i n such a way t h a t the u s e r w i l l f i n d i t easy t o f o l l o w the r u l e s s t e p by s t e p .The author believes that he has provided the teacher of Tagalog with basic material for the teaching of the fundamentals of Tagalog transformational- generative grammar, and the new learner with a ready manual for the easy grasp of the core of Tagalog structures.The analysis concerns the linguistic intuition of the author as a native speaker of Tagalog.All the kernel sentence rules are brought together in the base rules of Tagalog kernel sentences.Ten kinds of transformations are shown: pronoun transformation — declarative and imperative-—, negative transformation, yes-no interrogative transformation, yes-no negative interrogative transformation, pronoun-negative-interrogative transformation, ay inversion transformation, manner adverbial transformation, indirect object transformation, -in- passive transformation, and: nominalization transformation. CONCLUSION 136 A SELECTED BIBLIOGRAPHY 140 APPENDIX ' 1^3 ACKNOWLEDGMENT i s due t o the E x t e r n a l A i d O f f i c e , Government of Canada, f o r g i v i n g me the o p p o r t u n i t y t o pursue g r a d u a t e s t u d i e s i n L i n g u i s t i c s i n the U n i v e r s i t y o f B r i t i s h Columbia on a Colombo S c h o l a r s h i p Grant; t o the I n s t i t u t e o f N a t i o n a l l anguage, Government of the P h i l i p p i n e s , f o r g i v i n g me a s t u d y l e a v e of absence f o r the d u r a t i o n of my g r a d u a t e work; t o P r o f .F i r s t of a l l , a language, i n Chomsky's term,8 i s a f i n i t e o r i n f i n i t e s e t o f s e n t e n c e s , each one of whi c h i s f i n i t e i n l e n g t h and c o n s t r u c t e d out of a f i n i t e s e t of elements.I n t h i s sense, grammar i s a system of f i n i t e r u l e s t h a t enumerates an i n f i n i t e number of p o s s i b l e u t t e r a n c e s , and a s s i g n s to each g e n e r a t e d g r a m m a t i c a l sentence i t s p r o p e r s t r u c t u r a l d e s c r i p t i o n .PERALTA-PINEDA Department of C l a s s i c s D i v i s i o n o f L i n g u i s t i c The U n i v e r s i t y o f B r i t i s h Columbia Vancouver 8, Canada Date Abstract This study deals with the description of Tagalog syntax using the techniques of transformational-generative grammar. Specifically, the formulations in this work, follow, to a large extent, the statements of Chomsky in his "A Transformational Approach to Syntax." The primary aims of this work are to formu-late the basic rules of Tagalog kernel sentences, and to show some of the most common transformations in the language. 115 P r o n o u n - N e g a t i v e - I n t e r r o g a t i v e T r a n s f o r -m a t i o n 117 Ay I n v e r s i o n T r a n s f o r m a t i o n 119 - I n - P a s s i v e T r a n s f o r m a t i o n 123 Manner A d v e r b i a l 127 I n d i r e c t O b j e c t T r a n s f o r m a t i o n 129 v i CHAPTER PAGE N o m i n a l i z a t i o n T r a n s f o r m a t i o n . T h i s s t u d y i s p r i m a r i l y i n t e n d e d f o r ( l ) the t e a c h e r of T a g a l o g , and ( 2 ) t h e new l e a r n e r of the language.Further, this thesis seeks to establish a basis for a more detailed study of the transformational syntax of Tagalog, and expects to provide a point of departure for future contrastive analyses of Tagalog and other languages. I t i s hoped t h a t the s t u d y w i l l p r o v i d e the t e a c h e r w i t h b a s i c m a t e r i a l f o r the t e a c h i n g of the fundamentals of Tagalog t r a n s f o r m a t i o n a l - g e n e r a t i v e grammar.Ironically, the harsh reaction of the Spanish authorities served ultimately to promote the nationalist cause.The mutiny was quickly crushed, but the Spanish regime under the reactionary governor Rafael de Izquierdo magnified the incident and used it as an excuse to clamp down on those Filipinos who had been calling for governmental reform.

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