The 95 Theses Were Written In Latin Because
Sometime during October 31, 1517, the day before the Feast of All Saints, the 33-year-old Martin Luther posted theses on the door of the Castle Church in Wittenberg.
So here it goes, the Top 5: In the first Thesis Luther says, “When our Lord and Master Jesus Christ said ‘repent’ He intended that the entire life of believers should be repentance.” Now after Luther wrote the 95 Theses, he also wrote a document called “Explanation of the 95 Theses,” and in that text he explains that this word “repent” in the Latin Vulgate was translated as , which means, translated, as “Go, and do penance.” The year before 1517, in 1516, Erasmus published the Greek text and Luther had a copy of that Greek text. So this return to Scripture had an immediate impact on the very first of Luther’s 95 Theses. Now we need a little background for this one as well.
In Thesis number 27, Luther says, “They preach man made doctrines who say that it’s so soon as the coin jingles into the money box, the soul flies out of purgatory.” Now this is a reference to Tetzel.
Penitent sinners were asked to show regret for their sins (contrition), confess them to a priest (confession), and do penitential work to atone for them (satisfaction).
Indulgences were issued by executive papal order and by written permission in various bishoprics, and they were meant to relax or commute the penitent sinner’s work of satisfaction.