Singer Solution World Poverty Argument Essay

Singer Solution World Poverty Argument Essay-24
Only a personal interest in continuing to live brings the journey model into play.This model also explains the priority that Singer attaches to interests over trivial desires and pleasures.

Only a personal interest in continuing to live brings the journey model into play.This model also explains the priority that Singer attaches to interests over trivial desires and pleasures.

On two occasions, Singer served as chair of the philosophy department at Monash University, where he founded its Centre for Human Bioethics.

In 1996 he stood unsuccessfully as a Greens candidate for the Australian Senate.

He is a board member of Animal Charity Evaluators, a charity evaluator used by many members of the effective altruism community which recommends the most cost-effective animal advocacy charities and interventions.

His own organisation, The Life You Can Save, also recommends a selection of charities deemed by charity evaluators such as Give Well to be the most effective when it comes to helping those in extreme poverty.

Taking these into account, one must weigh them up and adopt the course of action that is most likely to maximise the interests of those affected; utilitarianism has been arrived at.

Singer's universalising step applies to interests without reference to who has them, whereas a Kantian's applies to the judgments of rational agents (in Kant's kingdom of ends, or Rawls's Original Position, etc.).

Ethical conduct is justified by reasons that go beyond prudence to "something bigger than the individual", addressing a larger audience.

Singer thinks this going-beyond identifies moral reasons as "somehow universal", specifically in the injunction to 'love thy neighbour as thyself', interpreted by him as demanding that one give the same weight to the interests of others as one gives to one's own interests.

This universalising step, which Singer traces from Kant to Hare, is crucial and sets him apart from those moral theorists, from Hobbes to David Gauthier, who tie morality to prudence.

Universalisation leads directly to utilitarianism, Singer argues, on the strength of the thought that one's own interests cannot count for more than the interests of others.

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