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His successor, General Kurt von Schleicher, dissolved the Reichstag again.
Hitler was a powerful and spellbinding orator who, by tapping into the anger and helplessness felt by a large number of voters, attracted a wide following of Germans desperate for change.
Nazi electoral propaganda promised to pull Germany out of the Depression.
Before the onset of the Great Depression in Germany in 1929–1930, the National Socialist German Workers' Party (or Nazi Party for short) was a small party on the radical right of the German political spectrum.
In the (parliament) elections of May 2, 1928, the Nazis received only 2.6 percent of the national vote, a proportionate decline from 1924, when the Nazis received 3 percent of the vote.
Within two years, however, Hitler and the Nazis outmaneuvered Germany's conservative politicians to consolidate a radical Nazi dictatorship completely subordinate to Hitler's personal will.
We would like to thank The Crown and Goodman Family and the Abe and Ida Cooper Foundation for supporting the ongoing work to create content and resources for the Holocaust Encyclopedia. Papen dissolved the Reichstag again, but the July 1932 elections brought the Nazi party 37.3 percent of the popular vote, making it the largest political party in Germany.The Communists (taking votes from the Social Democrats in the increasingly desperate economic climate) received 14.3 percent of the vote.To dissolve the parliament, the president used Article 48 of the German constitution.This Article permitted the German government to govern without parliamentary consent and was to be applied only in cases of direct national emergency.Hitler and the Nazis often referred to the latter as "November criminals." Hitler and other Nazi speakers carefully tailored their speeches to each audience.For example, when speaking to businessmen, the Nazis downplayed antisemitism and instead emphasized anti-communism and the return of German colonies lost through the Treaty of Versailles.Bruening miscalculated the mood of the nation after six months of economic depression.The Nazis won 18.3 percent of the vote and became the second largest political party in the country.Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article.Join Britannica's Publishing Partner Program and our community of experts to gain a global audience for your work!