"I" is the direct "reflection" or "projection" of Self (Assagioli) and the essential being of the person, distinct but not separate from all contents of experience.
Anticipating today's neuroscience, Assagioli even referred to "developing new neuromuscular patterns".
All such elaborate syntheses of thought, feeling, and behavior are built upon learnings and abilities that must eventually operate unconsciously.
Although the unconscious is an important part of his theory, Assagioli was careful to maintain a balance with rational, conscious therapeutical work. and argued for a spontaneous synthesis on the patient's part: "As we analyse..great unity which we call his ego fits into itself all the instinctual impulses which before had been split off and held apart from it.
Assagioli was not the first to use the term "psychosynthesis". The psycho-synthesis is thus achieved in analytic treatment without our intervention, automatically and inevitably." Later however, this same Roberto Assagioli (1888–1974) wrote a doctoral dissertation, "La Psicosintesi," in which he began to move away from Freud's psychoanalysis towards what he called psychosynthesis: In developing psychosynthesis, Assagioli agreed with Freud that healing childhood trauma and developing a healthy ego were necessary aims of psychotherapy, but held that human growth could not be limited to this alone.
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Psychosynthesis is an approach to psychology that was developed by Italian psychiatrist, Roberto Assagioli.
He compared psychosynthesis to the prevailing thinking of the day, contrasting psychosynthesis for example with existential psychology, but unlike the latter considered loneliness not to be "either ultimate or essential".
Spiritual goals of "self-realization" and the "interindividual psychosynthesis" – of 'social integration..harmonious integration of the individual into ever larger groups up to the "one humanity"' but many conferences and publications had it as a central theme and centres were formed in Italy and the United States in the 1960s.
It comprises that range of experience related to the threat of personal annihilation, of destruction of self, of nonbeing, and more generally, of the painful side of the human condition.
As long as this range of experience remains unconscious, the person will have a limited ability to be empathic with self or others in the more painful aspects of human life. The middle unconscious is a sector of the person whose contents, although unconscious, nevertheless support normal conscious functioning in an ongoing way (thus it is illustrated as most immediate to "I").