According to Theory of Demographic Transition, every country passes through three stages of demographic transition.
In the First stage, both birth and death rates are high and hence population remains more or less stable.
Some of them are unemployment, low living standard of people, hindrance in the process of development of economy, pressure on agriculture land, low per capita income, lack of basic amenities like water supply and sanitation, education, health, etc., high crime rate, environmental damage, migration to urban area in search of job, energy crisis, Overcrowding of cities leads to development of slums.
Introduction World Scenario In Respect Of Population Pakistan And Overpopulation Causes Of Overpopulation Illiteracy High Birth Rate And Low Death Rate Early Marriages Polygamy Unawareness About The Proper use Of Contraceptive Desire For Male Child Misinterpretation Of Religious Ulemas Lack Of Recreational Activities Failure Of Governmental Population planning Policies Impacts Of Overpopulation Low Economic Growth Low Investment And Unemployment Poor Social Services Low productivity Urbanization Social Evils Like lawlessness, Crime And corruption Pollution Problem Recommendations Conclusion Population is considered as an asset for a country.
In this situation, population increases at an alarming rate.
If in a country the process of industrialization accompanied by urbanization is not fast and education is not widespread, then this is really a grave situation. The effects of population explosion are numerous with far reaching consequences.
They are unable to understand the harmful effects that overpopulation has.
Lack of family planning is commonly seen in the illiterate lot of the world.
Lets discuss the problem of overpopulation from worlds perspective and then see what are its causes and impacts on Pakistan. Every day, we come across the often repeated phrase, Population Bomb is ticking.
At the time of partition, Pakistan had a population of 33 million.