Nature Versus Nurture Psychology Essays

Nature Versus Nurture Psychology Essays-56
More recently it has divided researches with regard to social and racial differences in intelligence.Nowadays it's hard to believe that something as complex as human behaviour can be completely explained by either side of the argument, it's more likely to be a product of both, as suggested by the Psychologist Robert Plomin.

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Introduction NATURE VS NURTURE ISSUES, PERSPETIVES AND DEBATES IN PSYCHOLOGY Michelle Buckley NATURE refers to our innate potential that is influenced entirely by physiological and genetic factors.

NURTURE refers to the influence of the environment into & all the learning experiences we have after we are born.

However the genetic influence on these traits and behaviour is only partial, genetics account for on average half of the variance of most traits therefore the environment must account for the rest according to Plomin. An approach that belongs on the interdependent side of the argument is the cognitive-developmental approach.

A key assumption of this approach is that development occurs through the twin processes of nature and nurture.

Goring (1913) reported that a study comparing 3000 convicts with 3000 non-criminals found no differences in features.

Another theory for the genetic basis of crime comes from Sheldon.He stated that children are born with the tendency to display certain behaviours, which help ensure proximity and contact with the mother or mother-figure, for example crying, smiling etc.Attachment behaviour makes very good sense from an evolutionary point of view because it would have been those babies that stayed close to their mothers who would have survived to have children of their own. Conclusion These are interestingly the characteristics of an affectionless psychopath.Of course there is no serious evidence to support this theory and it encourages prejudices and stereotyping.Lombroso's research was flawed as he didn't use proper control groups and the criminal samples he used were often mentally disturbed or suffering chromosomal abnormalities.Visit for more related articles at Journal of Child and Adolescent Behavior This editorial aims at addressing the endless debate concerned with the extent to which particular aspects of behavior are a product of either nature ( inherited i.e. attributing everything to biological factors (nature) and environmentalists who believe that the way we are brought up (nurture) totally governs the psychological aspects of our childhood development through learning, it is hardly today to accept either of these extreme positions.There are simply too many “facts” on both sides of the argument which are inconsistent with an “all or none” view.Because of the advances in technology it's impossible to reach a clear result as proved in the case of schizophrenia, it's better to be more open-minded and accept that both nature and nurture have a role to play side by side. Received Date: October 23, 2015; Accepted Date: October 26, 2015; Published Date: October 30, 2015 Citation: Zaky EA (2015) Nature, Nurture, and Human Behavior; an Endless Debate. doi:10.4172/2375-4494.1000e107 Copyright: © 2015 Zaky EA. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. In spite of the philosophical conflict between nativists who adopt an extreme hereditary position i.e.He categorised people into 3 body shapes and noticed criminals fell into a particular group.His three groups were: Endomorphs - these people were fat and soft; they were relaxed as a whole and enjoyed the company of others.


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