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The words derive respectively from the word in Greek (), variously translated as customs, manners or social norms.In fact, however, it is possible to differentiate the Greek root of ethics from the Latin root of morality in a way that may be practically helpful.
Collecting the facts precedes any ethical or moral decision-making.
The ethical dimension of the decision leads me to think about myself and recognise, say, that I have certain talents, or that I would like to maximise my work-life balance.
In moral decisions, in which the importance of others and their actual situation in the world, is recognised, community decisions are based on dialogue between all those on whom the decision impacts.
That dialogue should aim to be inclusive, non-coercive, self-reflective, and seek consensus among real people, rather than seek an elusive absolute moral truth.
Ethics is the body of principles used to decide what behaviors are right, good and proper.
Such principles (ethics) do not always dictate a single "moral" course of action, but provide a means of evaluating and deciding among competing options.
Put another way, moral decision-making relocates ethical decision-making away from an individualistic reflection on imperatives, utility or virtue, into a social space.
In that space one is implicitly aware of the other, wherein we understand from the start that we need to have a dialogue.
Each may be seen by different observers as a dilemma either for the individual to make a decision about (an ethical dilemma), or for a society to make a decision about (a moral dilemma).
How we see the dilemma in large part determines the approach we will take to the decision to be made.