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This was not an act of defiant vandalism but was instead a fairly common occurrence for inviting academic discussion.The 95 points that Luther wished to have discussed are not all equally controversial.Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article.
Further misunderstanding developed after Pope Sixtus IV extended indulgences to souls in purgatory.
The often outrageous statements of indulgence sellers were a matter of protest among theologians.
The penitential canons are imposed only on the living, and, according to them, nothing should be imposed on the dying.9.
Therefore the Holy Spirit in the pope is kind to us, because in his decrees he always makes exception of the article of death and of necessity.10.
A counterthesis was prepared by a Dominican theologian and defended before a Dominican audience at Frankfurt in January 1518.
When Luther realized the extensive interest his tentative theses had aroused, he prepared a long Latin manuscript with explanations of his Ninety-five Theses, published in the autumn of 1518.If his right to grant remission in such cases were despised, the guilt would remain entirely unforgiven.7.God remits guilt to no one whom He does not, at the same time, humble in all things and bring into subjection to His vicar, the priest.8.Indulgences were the commutation for money of part of the temporal penalty due for sin—i.e., the practical satisfaction that was a part of the sacrament of penance.They were granted on papal authority and made available through accredited agents.Outraged at what he considered grave theological error, Luther wrote the Ninety-five Theses.The theses were tentative opinions, about some of which Luther had not decided.Yet it means not inward repentance only; nay, there is no inward repentance which does not outwardly work divers mortifications of the flesh.4.The penalty [of sin], therefore, continues so long as hatred of self continues; for this is the true inward repentance, and continues until our entrance into the kingdom of heaven.5.The immediate cause of scandal in Germany in 1517 was the issue of an indulgence that was to pay for the rebuilding of St. But by secret agreement of which most Germans, probably including Luther, were unaware, half the proceeds of the German sales were to be diverted to meet the huge debt owed to the financial house of Fugger by the archbishop and elector Albert of Mainz, who had incurred the debt in order to pay the Pope for appointing him to high offices.Such a prince could not afford to be squeamish about the methods and language used by his agents, and the agent in Germany, the Dominican Johann Tetzel, made extravagant claims for the indulgence he was selling.