Literature Reviews Samples

Literature Reviews Samples-75
NOTE: A literature review and an annotated bibliography are not synonymous.

NOTE: A literature review and an annotated bibliography are not synonymous.If you are asked to write an annotated bibliography, you should consult the for the APA Format for Annotated Bibliographies.We have a complete resource devoted to writing an experimental report in the field of psychology here.

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edition, second printing of the APA manual, offers examples for the general format of APA research papers, in-text citations, endnotes/footnotes, and the reference page.

For more information, please consult the There are two common types of papers written in fields using APA Style: the literature review and the experimental report.

Each has unique requirements concerning the sections that must be included in the paper.

A literature review is a critical summary of what the scientific literature says about your specific topic or question.

This renewed interest in how minimum wages affect employment leads naturally to another question: What factors determine the minimum wage? the minimum wage is legislated at the federal rather than at the state level of government.

Despite the ubiquity of minimum wage legislation, this question has received surprisingly little attention. Since this federal wage changes only occasionally, most U. studies have been limited to cross-sectional studies that focus on how the characteristics of the states, and the party affiliation of legislators, influence the vote on proposed changes in the federal minimum wage (Silberman and Durbin, 1970; Kau and Rubin, 1978; Bloch, 1980; Seltzer, 1995).[1] However, as pointed out by Baker et al. studies have usually been cross sectional and have examined what variables influenced congressional voting for increases in the federal minimum wage.[3] For example, Bloch (1993) related state wage levels and proportions of unionized employees to votes by senators to amend the 19 Federal Labor Standards Act and thereby increase the minimum wage. Using variables for each congressional district, they found larger political contributions by unions and larger proportions of low-income families increased the probability of an affirmative vote, while larger campaign contributions from small business and larger proportions of teen-age workers reduced the probability. "Raising Rivals Costs." American Economic Review 73 (May 1983): 267-71. "The Political Economy of the Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938." Journal of Political Economy 103 (December 1996): 1302-42. Kau and Rubin (1978) expanded Silberman and Durden's analysis to five separate cross sections covering five legislated increases in the federal minimum wage between 19. An example of a student literature review in psychology and lecturer's comments is here.A literature review in a proposal to investigate how indigenous peoples choose plant medicines.If certain information is particularly pertinent for conveying your research, then ensure that there is a section of your paper that adequately addresses that information.Example of a short literature review in sports medicine is available here.This model was tested with ordinary least squares for a pooled sample covering nine provinces for the years 1975 to 1982, with no fixed effects for provinces or years. "Politics and Provincial Government Spending in Canada." Canadian Public Administration 35 (Winter 1992): 519-33. "Working for Minimum Wage." Perspectives on Labour Income. All variables had negative coefficients that were significant at the 5 percent level, except for the union variable which was, unexpectedly, negative and insignificant.... Statistics Canada Catalogue 75-001E (Winter 1989): 8-20. "The Political Economy of Minimum Wage Legislation." Economic Inquiry 20 (October 1982): 533-55. "Unemployment Insurance Meets the Classical Labor Supply Model." Economics Letters 14 (1984): 275-81. To anticipate future problems, Seltzer emphasized that not only are some variables inevitably theoretically ambiguous (a low-wage worker may rationally support or oppose minimum wage increases depending on whether job loss is expected), but also the coefficients on some variables must be interpreted cautiously. For example, should the coefficient for a variable measuring teen workers in the labor force be interpreted as their demand for higher wages, or does the coefficient better reflect the demands of well-organized firms that disproportionally hire younger workers? S., Canada presents a better opportunity to study variations in minimum wages across jurisdictions and time, so it is perhaps surprising that the only study, to our knowledge, that examines Canadian minimum wage determination is Blais et al. They related the minimum wage, measured as the minimum wage divided by the average manufacturing wage, to the percentages of union workers, women, and 15 to 19-year-olds in the labor force, the current year unemployment rate, the inflation rate, the percentage of employment in small firms (less than 20 employees), and a "convergence" variable that measures average manufacturing wages in a province divided by average wages in Canada. "Capture and Ideology in the Economic Theory of Politics." American Economic Review 74 (June 1984): 279-300.

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