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The topics in this lesson will help your students consolidate and enhance their understanding of Islam and how it works. We have over 200 college courses that prepare you to earn credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities.
This article deals with the fundamental beliefs and practices of Islam and with the connection of religion and society in the Islamic world.
The history of the various peoples who embraced Islam is covered in the article Islamic world.
Thus, there is not only an Islamic religious institution but also an Islamic law, state, and other institutions governing society.
Not until the 20th century were the religious (private) and the secular (public) distinguished by some Muslim thinkers and separated formally in certain places such as Turkey.
Allah is viewed as the sole God—creator, sustainer, and restorer of the world.
The will of Allah, to which human beings must submit, is made known through the sacred scriptures, the Qurʾān (often spelled Koran in English), which Allah revealed to his messenger, Muhammad.
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) accepts surrender to the will of Allah (in Arabic, Allāh: God).
In Islam Muhammad is considered the last of a series of prophets (including Adam, Noah, Abraham, Moses, Solomon, and Jesus), and his message simultaneously consummates and completes the “revelations” attributed to earlier prophets.
Retaining its emphasis on an uncompromising monotheism and a strict adherence to certain essential religious practices, the religion taught by Muhammad to a small group of followers spread rapidly through the Middle East to Africa, Europe, the Indian subcontinent, the Malay Peninsula, and China.