You can also think of the Introduction as the section that points out the gap in knowledge that the rest of the paper will fill, or the section in which you define and claim your territory within the broad area of research.
The other job the Introduction should do is to give some background information and set the context.
Another way to emphasize the importance of the research topic is to highlight the possible benefits from solving the problem or from finding an answer to the question: possible savings, greater production, longer-lasting devices, and so on. For example, instead of saying that X dollars are lost because of malaria every year, say that X dollars can be saved annually if malaria is prevented, or X millions litres of water can be saved by dispensing with irrigation, or X person-hours can be saved in the form of avoided illnesses because of improved air quality or reduced pollution.
As mentioned earlier, a formal review of literature is out of place in the Introduction section of a research paper; however, it is appropriate to indicate any earlier relevant research and clarify how your research differs from those attempts.
If you want others to cite your paper, you should make sure they read it first.
Let us assume that the title and the abstract of your paper have convinced your peers that they should see your paper.A good introduction should identify your topic, provide essential context, and indicate your particular focus in the essay. A strong conclusion will provide a sense of closure to the essay while again placing your concepts in a somewhat wider context.It will also, in some instances, add a stimulus to further thought.Some academic genres may not even require an introduction or conclusion.An annotated bibliography, for example, typically provides neither.Although this list suggests that there is a simple, linear process to writing such a paper, the actual process of writing a research paper is often a messy and recursive one, so please use this outline as a flexible guide.After the title and abstract, the introduction is the next thing your audience will read, so it’s vital to begin strongly.Note that this part of the Introduction gives specific details: for instance, the earlier part of the Introduction may mention the importance of controlling malaria whereas the concluding part will specify what methods of control were used and how they were evaluated.At the same time, avoid too much detail because those belong to the Materials and Methods section of the paper.A book review may begin with a summary of the book and conclude with an overall assessment of it.A policy briefing usually includes an introduction but may conclude with a series of recommendations.