Having led his cavalry troop of cowboys, the "Rough Riders," up San Juan Hill in a skirmish with the Spanish in Cuba, Colonel Theodore Roosevelt became a national hero and, as fate would have it, Mc Kinley's successor as president of the United States.A number of world's fairs were staged in the turn of the century period, and some of the American Memory collections offer glimpses of these events.The 1896 campaign was perhaps the most fiercely fought contest since Andrew Jackson's time.
Having led his cavalry troop of cowboys, the "Rough Riders," up San Juan Hill in a skirmish with the Spanish in Cuba, Colonel Theodore Roosevelt became a national hero and, as fate would have it, Mc Kinley's successor as president of the United States.A number of world's fairs were staged in the turn of the century period, and some of the American Memory collections offer glimpses of these events.Tags: Stanford Application EssaysPaper Mario Sticker Star Goomba Fortress HelpThesis Conflict Resolution StrategiesPhd Thesis In Fair Value AccountingComplete Writings Of Sigmund FreudThe Rocking Horse Winner EssayAs English Coursework BibliographyCritical Thinking In LeadershipDevelopmental Dissertation Methodology
After a two-decade effort to build a modern "steel navy," the United States was a great naval power.
The United States became an imperialist power with the taking of the Philippines, Puerto Rico, and Guam, and the later annexation of Hawaii.
For the first time since the Civil War, men from the north and the south closed ranks and marched to war, as the bands played the marches of John Philip Sousa.
The conflict lasted less than 100 days, only 289 Americans lost their lives in battle, and the United States scored a triumphant victory over Spain.
Mc Kinley was a staunch supporter of high tariffs and the Gold Standard, while Bryan favored easier credit and "free silver." Thirty-six years old, Bryan was known as the "Boy Orator from the River Platte" and compared by some with the river itself -- "a mile wide and an inch deep." His "Cross of Gold" speech became famous: "You shall not crucify mankind upon a cross of gold," he thundered. In the cities and the states, political "Progressives" were coming to power, experimenting with reforms such as women's suffrage, direct election of United States senators, the initiative, recall, the Australian ballot, primary elections, and laws setting minimum wages, work standards, and regulated rates for common carriers and services.
Followers of the Progressive movement believed in the perfectibility of man and his society.Homesteading and the introduction of barbed wire in 1874 had brought an end to the open range.The Mc Cormick reaper had made large-scale farming profitable and, in 1900, the U. was by far the world's largest agricultural producer.This "splendid little war," as Secretary of State John Hay called it, changed the course of American history. Navy's Asiatic squadron, under the command of Commodore George Dewey, defeated the ramshackle Spanish fleet in the battle of Manila Bay -- in less than a morning, without losing a single man.After 400 years, Spain was no longer a power in North or South America; the only power of importance in the Western Hemisphere was now, without doubt, the United States. The navy gained great popular support and every schoolboy knew the names and specifications of the major ships of the line.Mc Kinley was the last of five Civil War veterans to serve in the White House, signaling the end of the post-war era.He was also the fifth of the six Ohio presidents to serve during the fifty-year period 1868-1908.It was, said historian Samuel Eliot Morison, "an attempt through government action to curb the arrogance of organized wealth and the wretchedness of poverty amid plenty." Although Mc Kinley certainly was no Progressive, the movement was on the rise; two of the three presidents who followed him were Progressives: Republican Theodore Roosevelt and Democrat Woodrow Wilson. Young reporter William Allen White said of him after an interview: "He was the statue in the park speaking." A dignified, reserved man, Mc Kinley was the last of the old-style, low-key presidents.Mc Kinley is generally considered to have been a good but weak man.The world's first oil well had been drilled in Titusville, Pennsylvania, in 1859. Rockefeller's Standard Oil Trust dominated the world's petroleum markets and controlled more than 90 percent of the nation's refinery capacity.By 1900, major oil fields were being tapped in Kansas, Illinois, Louisiana, Oklahoma, and Texas. At the turn of the century, the strength of a nation's industrial capacity was measured by the number of tons of steel it produced.