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The children were all between the ages of 5 and 16 when we spoke with them.
This is mostly because the national budget was mostly spent on security and less on social issues, particularly vulnerable children.” Social support programs such as education, legal advice, and health services can help alleviate the effect of child labor or help transition a child laborer out of a hazardous or abusive situation.It is based on a wide variety of primary and secondary sources, including 25 interviews with child workers, their parents, and employers.Between July 2015 and January 2016, Human Rights Watch interviewed 15 male and female child laborers and 10 parents and employers in various locations in Bamiyan and Kabul.All interviews were voluntary and were conducted in Dari or Pashto.Interviewees did not receive compensation for providing their accounts. Human Rights Watch also interviewed Afghan and American government officials, staff of nongovernmental organizations, UN officials, experts, teachers, members of the Afghan parliament, and journalists.Recent figures for child laborers are not available, but the Afghanistan government’s 2010-2011 Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey found that 25 percent of children between the ages of 5 and 14 are involved in child labor, including 27 percent of those between the ages of 5 and 11, and 22 percent of those between the ages of 12 and 14. Rahimullah told Human Rights Watch: My smaller siblings also work. The AIHRC found in the 2013 survey that 29 percent of working children felt the work they did was harmful to their health. Such incidents are numerous in Kabul and in all 34 provinces because people are poor.Children working in brick kilns represent a stark example of the problem. These jobs include carpet weaving, metal work, and brick making. And children and students have to do all kinds of hard labor to support their family and parents. We have many students who sell gas tanks, work on the streets, and in shops and mechanics’ workshops.Landlessness, illiteracy, high unemployment, continuing armed conflict in much of the country, and a corresponding lack of able-bodied male adult workers in many families are among the most important factors contributing to chronic poverty and, by extension, child labor. When work is appropriate to a child’s age and takes place under healthy and safe conditions, it can be beneficial to the child’s development and allow them to contribute to their family’s basic needs.But work that interferes with a child’s education, or is likely to jeopardize their health or safety, is generally considered “child labor,” and is prohibited under international law.Under the law, children 14 and younger are not allowed to work.In April 2010, Afghanistan ratified both of the key international treaties related to child labor: International Labour Organization (ILO) Convention No.