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Ability test data for EI for 84 leaders in an assessment center were used to predict unobtrusive observations of leader responses to subordinate’s emotions in a role play, and expert ratings of leadership effectiveness, controlling for cognitive ability and Big Five personality traits. https://doi.org/10.1108/LODJ-04-2018-0154 Download as . EI predicted the appropriateness of leader responses to subordinate’s emotions, and these responses mediated the relationships of EI and leadership effectiveness, controlling for cognitive ability and Big Five personality traits.
In this paper we seek to provide guidance to researchers and practitioners seeking to utilize EI in their work. Faking on self-report emotional intelligence and personality tests: Effects of faking opportunity, cognitive ability, and job type.
We first provide an overview of the different conceptualizations of EI.
One cause of this proliferation was the commercial opportunities such tests offered to developers and the difficulties faced by researchers seeking to obtain copyrighted measures (see section Mixed EI for a summary of commercial measures).
A further cause of this proliferation was the difficulty researchers faced in developing measures with good psychometric properties.
This article is written primarily for academics and practitioners who are not currently experts on EI but who are considering utilizing EI in their research and/or practice.
For ease of reading therefore, we begin this article with an introduction to the different types of EI, followed by a brief summary of different measures of EI and their respective facets. Measures of ability and trait emotional intelligence. Other measures utilized broader definitions of EI that included social effectiveness in addition to typical EI facets (see Ashkanasy and Daus, 2005) (e.g., Boyatzis et al., 2000; Boyatzis and Goleman, 2007). Over time it became clear that these different measures were tapping into related, yet distinct underlying constructs. Currently more than 30 different widely-used measures of EI have been developed. Although there is some clarity within the EI field regarding the types of EI and their respective measures, those external to the field are faced with a seemingly complex EI literature, overlapping terminology, and multiple published measures. We then provide a detailed set of recommendations for researchers and practitioners. Measures of Personality and Social Psychological Constructs, eds G. Recommendations focus primarily on choosing between EI constructs (ability EI, trait EI, mixed models) as well as choosing between specific tests. We take into account such factors as test length, number of facets measured and whether tests are freely available. doi: 10.1037/a0034138 Pub Med Abstract | Cross Ref Full Text | Google Scholar Siegling, A. Consequently we also provide recommendations both for users willing to purchase tests and those preferring to utilize freely available measures. Accordingly, it was argued that individuals high in EI could accurately perceive certain emotions in themselves and others (e.g., anger, sadness) and also regulate emotions in themselves and others in order to achieve a range of adaptive outcomes or emotional states (e.g., motivation, creative thinking). However, despite having a clear definition and conceptual basis, early research on EI was characterized by the development of multiple measures (e.g., Bar-On, 1997a,b; Schutte et al., 1998; Mayer et al., 1999) with varying degrees of similarity (see Van Rooy et al., 2005).