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Politicians do this regularly, presenting only the conservative or only the liberal point of view.At the same time, we may be narrow in our own thinking.The goal is to think more clearly and fairmindedly.
According to Paul and Elder (1997 ,2006), the ultimate goal is for the standards of reasoning to become infused in all thinking so as to become the guide to better and better reasoning.At the same time, our own thoughts may not be accurate.So, we need external reference points that can help us validate accuracy.The coin toss experiment that proves that criticism is more effective than praise is a good example.Key questions: – a statement may be all of the above but not significant. You may find that multiple factors are relevant but only one or two are significant.Each is important in its own right but the order is also important.Here they are: – this is the most basic standard; it’s a gateway to other standards.So we may need to broaden our own thinking as well as “their” thinking.Key questions: – a statement may be all of the above but not logical – it just doesn’t make sense. The nonprofit Foundation for Critical Thinking cultivates core intellectual virtues that lead to fair-minded thinking. Critical thinking skills don’t fully develop until adolescence, but the foundations for good thinking develop in younger children.