Inductive reasoning begins with observations that are specific and ends up with a conclusion that is likely but not certain.Abductive reasoning starts with an incomplete set of observations and ends up with a most likely explanation.
It is difficult to separate reasoning from thinking and hence, this is the best context to introduce the three reasoning types: Deductive, Inductive and Abductive.
Deductive reasoning starts with the assertion of a general rule and ends up in a guaranteed specific conclusion.
Effective use of this method ensures objectivity and therefore doesn’t leave much scope for biases.
Critical Thinking is a competency and method that is applicable to all projects irrespective of the type of solution expected.
Most research methods require experienced or trained researchers to define the design specifications for a project.
The researcher employs different methods to collect data, analyze it and arrive at the solution that addresses user needs and expectations.Though, it shouldn’t be seen as an opportunity to criticize someone else’s ideas or work.In that sense, the objective of Critical Thinking is to strengthen a theory, process, product or service and not to find unnecessary faults to ensure that the ideas or processes collapse.Design Thinking is a process that involves stages of observation/interaction, empathy, problem formulation, solution deduction, testing, alteration, and reiteration.Here, Critical Thinking is a part of every stage of the Design Thinking process.Critical Thinking, when coupled with the types of reasoning above, can generate magical results.It is therefore advised to employ Critical Thinking in situations where we need adductive reasoning…Essentially, effective Design Thinking cannot take place in the absence of critical or creative thinking.There is also a common misconception that critical and creative thinking are distinct from each other.A mature critical thinker can define project goals, define timelines, set expectations, manage expectations, handle conflicts and collaboratively work with a team to accomplish the project goals.It is more and more evident that Critical Thinking, even though not given its due importance in organizations, is a critical competency that cannot be undermined.