This will necessitate a short discussion of alienation in history and Marx’s theory of revolution.
It is hoped that out of this, an understanding of Marx’s early period will be reached that emphasises his radical humanism and his basic affinity with thinkers like Korsh, Lukács and Rubin.
Pour une histoire du contrôle social dans les mondes coloniaux : justice, prisons, et enfermement de l'espace, sous la direction de Florence Bernault, Pierre Boilley et Ibrahima Thioub. Norval Morris and David Rothman's informative essay collection, however, demonstrates to skeptics that the prison indeed has a history.
Comptes rendus 389 MORRIS (Norval) and ROTHMAN (David J.), The Oxford History of the Prison : The Practice of Punishment in Western Society, New York & Oxford, Oxford University Press, 1995. As the prédominant manifestation of punishment in Western society, the prison might seem to be at once monolithic and unchanging.
To give an in-depth account of this would be a vast undertaking.
This essay will therefore limit itself to one clear example – the emergence of Reason out of Self-Consciousness in Section B of The Phenomenology of Spirit.
Most of the essays in both sections are historical ; others are informed as much by sociological inquiry.
The final essay in the volume, in a refreshing change of pace, is W. Carnochan's erudite exploration of « confinement » as a literary thème.
In 1927, Marx’s The Economic and Philosophic Manuscripts of 1844 was released; this was followed in 1932 by The German Ideology.
These two texts joined other works by Marx, including The Critique of Hegel’s Philosophy of Right (1843), On the Jewish Question (1843), The Holy Family (1845, co-authored with Engels), Theses on Feuerbach (1845) and The Poverty of Philosophy (1847).