When civic policing was originally established in London in 1829, the focus was on stopping crime before it started: The community and the officials themselves looked upon the goal of policing as the “nonexistence of crime.” The original police officers in the U. were called “peace officers”; nevertheless, a markedly American approach of policing started to transpire in the States subsequent to the ending of the Civil War.
As early settlers colonized the West, they realized they had to protect themselves from the natives.
1939 brought the first full-time police department in U.
S., namely, the Boston Police Department (Uchida, 1993).
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You can view samples of our professional work here.Any opinions, findings, conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of UK Essays.The purpose of this paper is to discover how technology has changed the role of law enforcement personnel and how crimes and criminals have changed since the days of the Roman Empire.Government agencies, such as the FBI, CIA, and Homeland Security seem to have an endless supply of funds that they can use to obtain the ways and means to fight 21st century crime. Those at the federal level are attempting to merge efforts with state and local law enforcement agencies.Not much evidence was found to show that the federal government agencies are providing the lower levels of law enforcement with much needed funds.Even in the Biblical era, there were armed personnel enlisted to uphold the peace.In ancient Egypt, a pharaoh reined over the land and his army of soldiers pursued the Israelites through the Red Sea.The Romans had an incredibly efficient and brutal mode of law enforcement that was established in order to uphold peace and enforce order.The Roman citizens never actually had an authentic police force, it wasn’t until clan chiefs and state leaders were required to protect their people, back in the 5th century that police forces were established (Uchida, 1993). In June of 1800, Scotland established the Glasgow city police department.There were other similar civilizations like the Babylonians, the Syrians, and the Palestinians, just to name a few (Uchida, 1993).The most well established of all military armies was the Roman Empire.