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It highlights the work of educators who place civic education at the heart of their work by choosing to teach their students an alternative to the divisive, zero-sum politics advanced by interest groups and portrayed in the media.
by Kettering research deputy Stacie Molnar-Main, is the product of that research.
The book’s insights, presented in terms that resonate with educators, support both the wider use of deliberative practices and the goal of growing the number of students who recognize a role for themselves as citizens in a democracy.
Much of the empirical research documenting the effects of stereotype threat has been done among college students, but research also indicates that stereotype threat can affect elementary school age children.
For example, African-American, Latino, Asian, and Native American students (ages 6-10) who were aware of their racial group stereotypes performed significantly worse than white and minority students who were unaware of their group stereotypes.
One study using National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) data across every state found that when controlling for socioeconomic status, most of the negative relationship with segregated schools and achievement is eliminated for whites but not for black students, although the relationship varied among states.
A recent study in Texas analyzed the impact of racial composition of classmates on the test scores of students, from 4th to 7th grade.
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From the first appearance of the National Issues Forums in 1982, teachers have recognized the usefulness of both the NIF issue guides and the process of framing issues for deliberation as models for the role and work of citizens in a democracy.
Thus, decreasing black segregation may improve black achievement scores without adversely affecting white achievement scores.
While the findings on the achievement of Latino students, who are the most segregated students of color in the United States, are more limited, a review of literature on the effect of school desegregation found that the few early studies reported modestly positive or no effect on Latino achievement.