Other signal verbs include: When citing outside sources, you are required to include: the author(s)' last name(s); the date of publication; and, for direct quotations, the page number on which the quoted passage appears.
If there is no page number, use the paragraph number to indicate the location of the quotation.
In addition, every time a wok is cited within a paper (in APA, a parenthetical citation), a corresponding entry must be included in the reference list.
APA (American Psychological Association) is the style the formatting style most used to cite sources within the social sciences and in several other academic disciplines.
Precisely how do you insert this required information into your writing? The first is to include the full or last name(s) of the author(s) directly in a sentence, and the year of publication in parentheses just following the name(s).
If directly quoting, include at the end of your sentence the page number where the quotation can be found.
How does this data add to what I am trying to prove in this paragraph? He envisioned a system that would protect and give treatment to these young offenders so that they could become productive adults, and saw no place for criminal responsibility and punishment within this system.
Now, here is an example of the ICE method at work in a paragraph: viewed juveniles as children first.
Place direct quotations longer than 40 words in a free-standing block of typewritten lines, and omit quotation marks.
Start the quotation on a new line, indented ½ inch from the left margin, i.e., in the same place you would begin a new paragraph.