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The research will look at five existing projects in which the designers looked to nature for inspiration to solve issues faced in their design process to provide insight on the level of biomimicry designers have developed.The aim of this research is to shed light on biomimicry as an approach; to showcase how it can help better the issue of sustainability and regenerative design in architecture. Pedersen Zari at Victoria University in New Zealand in 2007, two distinct approaches to biomimicry as a design approach exist: Problem-Based Approach and Solution-Based Approach. Abstract Nature has spent billions of years solving and refining many of the problems we as humans are facing today and so it is only logical for us to learn from nature’s existing solutions to solve our issues of sustainable design.
Where a designer recognises their design problem and looks to how organisms and systems in nature have solved similar problems.
One possible drawback of this design approach is that the issue of how buildings correlate with each other and the ecosystem they are part of is not investigated.
Therefore, the underlying causes of non-sustainable or even degenerative built environment are not necessarily addressed.
Despite this, the Problem-Based approach may be a good way to begin the transition of the built environment from inefficient to a more sustainable environment (Mc Donough. The Solution-Based approach is also referred to as “Biology influencing design”, “Bottom-Up Approach” or “Solution-Driven Biologically Inspired Design”.
It has gained a lot of popularity in the last 10 years to solve issues of sustainability while minimizing the negative impact on nature (Pedersen. There are three objectives, according to Head (2008) to reaching the so-called “Ecological Age” by the year 2050, these include; “CO2 emission reduction by 80%, ecological footprint reduction to 1.44ga/person and to increase human development index improvement.” There is a responsibility on architects to develop optimal ecological methods for design, construction and performance.
This involves integrating natural ecological systems into their designs keeping in mind the human behaviour patterns.
It is a framework for understanding the approaches and levels of biomimicry in design.
It discusses some distinct advantages and disadvantages immanent in each biomimicry level as an approach to sustainable building design.
Although there are many studies and approaches to designing more sustainable buildings, there is limited research on ecologically sustainable design approaches that can alleviate waste of resources by understanding the adaptation methods in natural systems.
This research aims to examine biomimicry in architecture as a potential solution to sustainable building design. After over three billion years of research, nature has already evolved and solved many of its problems.