In the middle of the 20th century, individual schools rose to prominence and tended to dominate psychological research and theorizing.
These dominant schools often clashed with clinical psychology.
But psychologists from both sides of the spectrum began to realize that both methods have value in treating patients, giving birth to a combined cognitive-behavioral therapy.
Most psychologists now use a combination of behavioral and cognitive therapy.
At that time, Wundt believed that the goals of psychology were (a) to study “immediate” conscious experience using experimental methodology and (b) to investigate higher mental processes using nonexperimental techniques.
The change that psychology has undergone in the nearly 130 years since its founding has been nothing short of phenomenal.
Perhaps its most useful purpose is in correcting behavioral problems in children and young adults, particularly in those who are in trouble with the law.
Here are some common techniques used: Chaining breaks a task down into its component parts and then teaches the simplest component first.
The food acted as an Behavioral psychology uses this basic principle of conditioning to re-train people who suffer from psychological disorders, by re-training the conditioned responses people have toward specific conditioned stimuli.
Operant conditioning (sometimes called instrumental conditioning) operates through reward (for good behavior) and punishment (for bad behavior).