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The first step in treating anorexia nervosa is to assist patients with regaining weight to a healthy level; for patients with bulimia nervosa interrupting the binge-purge cycle is key.For patients with binge eating disorder it is important to help them interrupt and stop binges.These measures begin to rebuild physical well-being and healthy eating practices.
Some activities and professions such as modeling or athletics may promote a goal of being leaner (than required for health) in order to do well.
The onset of an eating disorder can also be associated with a stressful life event.
People with anorexia nervosa don't maintain a normal weight because they refuse to eat enough, often exercise obsessively, and sometimes force themselves to vomit or use laxatives to lose weight.
Over time, the following symptoms may develop as the body goes into starvation: Eating disorders clearly illustrate the close links between emotional and physical health.
People with anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa tend to be perfectionists with low self-esteem and are extremely critical of themselves and their bodies.
They usually “feel fat” and see themselves as overweight, sometimes even despite life-threatening semi-starvation (or malnutrition).Eating disorders are illnesses in which the people experience severe disturbances in their eating behaviors and related thoughts and emotions.People with eating disorders typically become pre-occupied with food and their body weight.An intense fear of gaining weight and of being fat may become all-pervasive.In early stages of these disorders, patients often deny that they have a problem.Without treatment of both the emotional and physical symptoms of these disorders, malnutrition, heart problems and other potentially fatal conditions can result.However, with proper medical care, those with eating disorders can resume suitable eating habits, and return to better emotional and psychological health.In many cases, eating disorders occur together with other psychiatric disorders like anxiety, panic, obsessive compulsive disorder and alcohol and drug abuse problems.New evidence suggests that heredity may play a part in why certain people develop eating disorders, but these disorders also afflict many people who have no prior family history.In the United States, an estimated 0.9 percent of females and 0.3 percent of males suffer from anorexia nervosa in their lifetime with an increase in the age group of 15- to 19-year-old girls.Anorexia nervosa is one of the three major types of feeding and eating disorders; the other categories are bulimia nervosa and binge eating disorder.