The purpose of this guide is to provide students with a basic introduction to APA citation style, including in-text citation and the construction of reference lists.
APA Style is widely used by scholarly publishers in behavioural and social sciences.
For example, if Seidenberg and Mc Clelland's work is cited in Coltheart et al.
and you did not read the original work, list the Coltheart et al.
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Use of this site constitutes acceptance of our terms and conditions of fair use.Doctoral dissertation / master's thesis title: Investigating oral presentation skills and non-verbal communication techniques in UAE classrooms: A thesis in teaching English to speakers of other languages Citations are placed in the context of discussion using the author’s last name and date of publication.(Sabbagh, 2009) Alternatively, you can integrate the citation into the sentence by means of narrative.The most important aspects of your thesis statement are clearly and succinctly stating the question that guided your paper, giving your audience a precise answer to this question and briefly outlining the scope of the paper.Your thesis statement will need to follow a format specific to the type of paper you are writing; for example, an analytical paper, your statement might read as follows: "An analysis of available research on the physical environment identifies three factors that should concern parents and the physical environment to which they expose their children: noise levels, crowding and neighborhood quality." A thesis statement is the most important few sentences you will write in a thesis, research paper or any other essay that adheres to APA (American Psychological Association) format.In the example of a paper on the implications of the physical environment on child development, you might ask a question such as: "Which features of the physical environment in a home have negative consequences on child development?" Depending on your survey of the literature available on the subject, you may either answer this question directly with your thesis statement or explain why this question does not yet have a scientifically valid answer.For help during regular library hours, please use Ask Us Live. Parenthetical in-text citations replace the traditional footnotes or endnotes.Reference List: The reference list at the end of the paper documents literature cited in the paper by providing the information necessary to identify and retrieve each source.See Section 7.05 in the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, 6th edition. The page header consists of the title of your paper left justified and the page number right justified.