Abstract: The tragic quality of Macbeth is inseparable from the play's imaginative eliciting of compassion on an explicitly Christian model. New historicists are more interested in irony than tragedy, and they understand religion as a function of social or psychological relations.
Bradley understood Shakespearean tragedy as inherent in character, and the historicists who reacted to Bradley reaffirmed the importance of religion, but only as historical background.
Life is taken for granted, and tossed away as if it’s merely an old toy.
Honour and potential of great men tarnished due to their greed and power hunger. C Bradley proposes: The central feeling of a tragedy is one of waste.
An unusually fine and still informative example of how "old" historicists improved on Bradley is W. Curry's attention to the unusual word "germens," which occurs only in Lear and Macbeth.
(1) Bringing his knowledge of medieval philosophy to the task, Curry pointed out that both passages draw on a neo-Platonic and stoic idea that when God transformed chaos into created matter, God first made "seeds of reason" (logoi spermatakoi in Greek, translated as rationes seminales in Latin), which mediate between ideal forms in the divine mind and material essences.As with all great works of literature, William Shakespeare’s Macbeth has spawned countless essays concerning its interpretation.Two such essays, “Shakespearean Tragedy” and “General Macbeth,” produced by two eminent literary critics, A. Bradley and Mary Mc Carthy, find themselves in conflict.Though Macbeth is a murdering tyrant, the play constantly makes us aware of his intense suffering, which he himself identifies with his rejection of grace.********** Macbeth is the most explicitly religious of all Shakespeare's tragedies, including those A. Bradley called "the famous four." In Bradley's view, religion is almost wholly subsumed by the imagination, which explains Macbeth's character.But the story, Bradley contends, is built upon the traits that set them apart. Macbeth is a character of two battling halves: his reason, or ambition, and his “imagination.” Bradley attributes the hysterical nature of Macbeth’s visions, the dagger, the specter of Banquo, and other ghosts, to his wild imagination. Macbeth is a tragic character, fallen from the great general he once was.He “acts badly” (Bradley, 136) and loses his composure whenever his imagination triumphs over his practical side; however, Bradley also asserts that Macbeth’s imagination is “the best of him, something usually deeper and higher than his conscious thoughts” (133). If he lacks something, though, it is not conscience. If Mc Carthy is correct in any of her assertions, though, it would be that Macbeth is a play about nature.Macbeth is therefore unable to make use of the “better” imagination with which he was endowed and instead only appears “firm, self-controlled and practical” when he is “hateful” (136). He never forgets his crimes, and he is anything but a common man; he is complex, as conflicted as A. Shakespeare plumbs the depths of human nature, of man’s innate desires, and procures a disturbing reality.A product of these clashing sides, Macbeth’s murder of Duncan is borne of his inability to properly acknowledge the conclusions drawn by his imagination. Macbeth is not a simple character, but the same can be said for anyone; no one is as plain as he or she may seem.The waste of Macbeth’s innocence although unintentional to him, is what begins the waste concept.The potential someone has is based on their character and their actions and how they incorporate the two into life situations.